HOW CAN 1+2+5=100%
In continuation to our endevor to help victims of law misuse the help that no one offers, we did another session of Commando Training Session.
May 2013, on Saturday, we got 3 experts who talked about the Criminal Proceedings involved with a Family Court, YES, the experts talked about CrPC 125.
What is CrPC 125?
125. Order for maintenance of wives, children and parents.
(1) If any person leaving sufficient means neglects or refuses to maintain-
(a) his wife, unable to maintain herself, or
(b) his legitimate or illegitimate minor child, whether married or not, unable to maintain itself, or
(c) his legitimate or illegitimate child (not being a married daughter) who has attained majority, where such child is, by reason of any physical or mental abnormality or injury unable to maintain itself, or
(d) his father or mother, unable to maintain himself or herself,
A Magistrate of’ the first class may, upon proof of such neglect or refusal, order such person to make a monthly allowance for the maintenance of his wife or such child, father or mother, at such monthly rate1[***] as such magistrate thinks fit, and to pay the same to such person as the Magistrate may from time to time direct::
Provided that the Magistrate may order the father of a minor female child referred to in clause (b) to make such allowance, until she attains her majority, if the Magistrate is satisfied that the husband of such minor female child, if married, is not possessed of’ sufficient means.
2[Provided further that the Magistrate may, during the pendency of the Proceeding regarding monthly allowance for the maintenance under this sub-section, order such person to make a monthly allowance for the interim maintenance of his wife or such child, father or mother, and the expenses of such proceeding which the Magistrate considers reasonable, and to pay the same to such person as the Magistrate may from time to time direct:
Provided also that an application for the monthly allowance for the interim maintenance and expenses for proceeding under the second proviso shall, as far as possible, be disposed of within sixty days from the date of the service of notice of the application to such person]
Explanation. For the purposes of this Chapter.
(a) minor means a person who, under the provisions of the Indian Majority Act, 1975 (9 of 1875) is deemed not to have attained his majority;
(b) “Wife” includes a woman who has been divorced by, or has obtained a divorce from, her husband and has not remarried.
3[(2) Any Such allowance for the maintenance or interim maintenance and expenses for proceeding shall be payable from the date of the order, or, if so ordered, from the date of the application for maintenance or interim maintenance and expenses of proceeding, as the case may be.]
(3) If any Person so ordered fails without sufficient cause to comply with the order, any such Magistrate may, for every breach of the order, issue a warrant for levying the amount due in the manner provided for levying fines, and may sentence such person, for the whole, or any part of each month’s 4[ allowance for the maintenance or the interim maintenance and expenses of proceeding, as the case be,] remaining unpaid after the execution of the warrant, to imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month or until payment if sooner made:
Provided that no warrant shall be issued for the recovery of any amount due under this section unless application be made to the court to levy such amount within a period of one year from the dare on which it became due:
Provided further that if such person offers to maintain his wife on condition of her living with him, and she refuses to live with him, such Magistrate may consider any grounds of refusal stated by her, and may make an order under this section notwithstanding such offer, if he is satisfied that there is just ground for so doing.
Explanation. If a husband has contracted marriage with another woman or keeps a mistress, it shall be considered to be just ground for his wife’s refusal to live with him.
(4) No wife shall be entitled to receive an 4allowance from her husband under this section she is living in adultery, or if, without any sufficient reason, if she refuses to live with her husband, or if they are living separately by mutual consent.
(5) On proof that any wife in whose favour an order has been made under this section is living in adultery, or that without sufficient reason she refuses to live with her husband, or that they are living separately by mutual consent, the Magistrate shall cancel the order.
1. The words “not exceeding five hundred rupees in the whole” omitted by Act 50 of 2001, sec.2 (w.e.f. 24-9-2001).
2. Ins. by Act 50 of 2001, sec.2 (w.e.f. 24-9-2001).
3. Subs. By Act 50 of 2001, sec 2, for sub-section (2) (w.e.f. 24-9-200).
4. Subs. By Act 50 of 2001, sec 2, for “allowance” (w.e.f. 24-9-200).
In section 125, in sub-section (1), for the words “five hundred rupees” the words m’ “three thousand rupees” shall be substituted.
[Vide M.P. (Act 10 of 1998), sec. 3 (w.e.f. 29-54998)] [Ed. This amendment has been I made prior to the enactment of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2001 W (Central Act 50 of 2001) whereby the words "not exceeding five hundred rupees in the I whole" have been omitted by sec. 2 (w.e.f. 24-9-2001)].
In section 125,-
(a) in sub-section (1),-
(i) for the words “not exceeding five hundred rupees” the words “not I exceeding fifteen hundred rupees” shall be substituted;
(ii) before the existing proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-
Provided that, the Magistrate on an application or submission being made, supported by an affidavit by the person who has applied for the maintenance under this sub-section, for payment of interim maintenance, on being satisfied that, there is a prima facie ground for making such order, may direct the person against whom the application for maintenance has been made, to pay a reasonable amount by way of interim maintenance to the applicant, pending the final disposal of the maintenance application:
Provided further that, such order for payment of interim maintenance may, in an appropriate case, also be made by the Magistrate ex parte, pending service of notice of the application, subject, however, to the condition that such an order shall be liable to be modified or even cancelled after the respondent is heard in the matter:
Provided also that, subject to the ceiling laid down under this sub-section, the amount of interim maintenance shall, as far as practicable, be not less than thirty per cent of the monthly income of the respondent.”;
(iii) in the existing proviso, for the words “Provided that” the words
“Provided also that” shall be substituted;
(b) after sub-section (2), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-
(2A) Notwithstanding anything otherwise contained in sub-sections (1) and (2), where an application is made by the wife under clause (a) of sub-section (1) for the maintenance allowance, the applicant may also seek relief that the order may be made for the payment of maintenance allowance in lump-sum in lieu of the payment of monthly maintenance allowance, and the Magistrate may, after taking into consideration all the circumstances obtaining in the case including the factors like the age, physical condition, economic conditions and other liabilities and commitments of both the parties, pass an order that the respondent shall pay the maintenance allowance in lump-sum in lieu of the monthly maintenance allowance, covering a specified period, not exceeding five years at a time, or for such period which may exceed five years, as may be mutually agreed to, by the parties.”;
(c) in sub-section (3),-
(i) after the words “so ordered” the words, brackets, figures and letter “either under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2A), as the case may be,” shall be inserted;
(ii) after the words “each month’s allowance” the words “or, as the case may be, the lump-sum allowance to be paid in lieu of the monthly allowance” shall be inserted.
[Vide Maharashtra Act, 21 of 1999 sec. 2 (w.e.f. 20-4-1999)] [Ed. These amendments have been made prior to the enactment of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Central Act 50 of 2001) sec. 2 (w.e.f. 24-9-2001)].
In section 125, for the words “five hundred rupees” the words “one thousand five hundred rupees” shall be substituted.
[Vide Tripura Act, 9 of 1999 sec. 2 (w.e.f. 9-4-1999}] [Ed. This Amendment has been made prior to the enactment of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Central Act 50 of 2001) whereby the words" not exceed of five hundred rupees in the whole" have been omitted by sec. 2 (w.e.f. 24-9-2001)].
In Sub-section (1) -
For the words “five hundred rupees” the words “one thousand and five hundred rupees” shall be submitted.
(2) After the existing proviso, following proviso shall be inserted, namely.
“Provided further that where in any proceeding under this section it appears to the Magistrate that the wife referred o in clause (a) or the minor child referred to in clause (b) or the child (not being a married daughter) referred o in clause (c) or the father or the mother referred o in clause (d) is in need of immediate relief for her or its or his support and the necessary expenses of the proceeding, the Magistrate may, on the application of the wife or the minor child or the child (not being a married daughter) or the father or the mother, as the case may be, order the person against whom the allowance for maintenance is claimed, to pay to the petitioner, pending the conclusion of the proceeding the expenses of the proceeding, and monthly during the proceeding such allowance as having regard to the income of such person, it may seem to the Magistrate to be reasonable.
[Vide West Bengal Act 25 of 1992 (w.e.f. 2-8-1993)] [Ed. This Amendment has been made prior to the enactment of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Central Act 50 of 2001) whereby the words "not exceed of five hundred rupees in the whole" have been omitted by sec. 2 (w.e.f, 24-9-2001)].
[Vide W.B. Act 25 of 1992 (w.e.f. 2-8-1993)
*Source: Internet (http://www.vakilno1.com/bareacts/crpc/criminal-procedure-code-1973.html#125_Order_for_maintenance_of_wives_children_and_parents)
There are 3 type of cases
· not yet (pre-assumption)
· Going on (presently going on at first stage
· Appeal level (decided in lower court / family court / session court / high court)
· Don’t leave your job
· Take some policies (LIC etc.)
· Maintenance cases filed by father or mother if dependent
· Social responsibilities
· Moral responsibilities
· Medical policies
· Rented accommodation
Things must do
· Education of your wife
· Past working history
· Present job
· Present money source
· PAN details
· PF details
· Bank accounts
· Moveable or immoveable properties
· Any affair
Delhi High Court:- DV is not maintainable once there is decree of Divorce. Also, parents of Husband cannot be made Respondents in DV if the Husband and Wife have not stayed with Parents under one roof.
Delhi Session Court:- Wife is not entittle for maintenance as she is able to maintain to herself which is proved by the IT assessment.
Culcutta High Court:-Mahommedan Muslim Women cannot have two Husbands at a same time hence not entitled to claim Maintenance U/S 125 from Present husband.
Bombay HC- Court cannot struck off the defense of Husband if no interim maintenance is paid in CrPC 125
Bombay HC:- Once the interim maintenance is granted either under section 24 of the Hindu Marriage Act or under section 18 of the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, then, there is no question of entertaining the application under the other Act.
Delhi HC- Maintenance rejected as the Woman is well qualified, employed earlier and quited the job on her own will.
Crpc 125 Judgements :